||Stamp Act crisis. Following the imposition of taxes on American
colonists by the British Parliament (Stamp Acts) riots broke
out. At the Stamp Act Congress, New York, Oct 7-25, nine colonies
asopted the Declaration of Rights opposing taxation without
representation in Parliament. Acts withdrawn Mar 17, 1766.
||Townshend Act inposed taxes on five categories of goods (glass,
lead, paper, paint and tea) imported into the American colonies.
Repeal of all taxes, except that on tea, in 1770.
||Boston massacre. First bloodshed of the American Revolution
when British troops fired on rioting crowd at Boston customs
house, killing five.
||Boston Tea Party. Valuable cargo of tea thrown overboard by
rebellious American colonists protesting British Parliament's
'Tea Act' (Apr 1773).
||The 'Intolerable Acts' are passed by the British Parliament in
order to punish Massachussetts, considered the leader of the
rebels, for the Boston Tea Party. Involved the curtailing of
self-rule and barred the use of Boston Harbour until the
destroyed cargo of tea had been paid for.
|First Continental Congress (a body of delegates from the thirteen
colonies which assumed the duties of a national government),
held in Philadelphia, protested British measures and called for
||Advance of British on Concord to destroy military stores of
rebel American patriots.
||Beginning of fighting at Lexington and Concord
||Battle of Bunker Hill, Massachussetts; technically an American
defeat though British suffered high casualties.
||Proposal in Continental Congress to declare independence from
||Approval of Declaration of Independence.
||British defeat Washington in Battle of Long Island
||British occupation of New York City
||Defeat of Lord Cornwallis by Washington at Battle of Princeton.
Continental Congress adopted Stars and Stripes as flag of the
||Battle of Brandywine. American retreat enabled British to
||Battle of Saratoga. British, under General John Burgoyne, forced
||Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union adopted by
||Assistance of the American patriots by French fleet after
France and US sign treaty of aid.
||British evacuation from Philadelphia.
||Arrival of joint American and French forces in Williamsburg
near Yorktown where British forces, under Cornwallis, had
||Battle of Yorktown. Beginning of siege of Yorktown, Virginia.
British troops heavily outnumbered by joint American and French
forces. Eventual surrender of Cornwallis on Oct 19.
||Agreement by new British cabinet to recognize independence of
United States of America.
||Preliminary agreement signed in Paris.